When you have young kids and infants around at home, the first thing
you must do is make the home safe for kids. But accidents do happen sometimes,
things like head injury during a bad fall, drowning, choking, suffocation,
sudden infant death syndrome or many such situations occur.
Learning how to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation can be very handy and
useful during an emergency situation. If you have small babies or infants at
home you should learn the basic of the CPR procedure for children and infants.
It is hard to check the pulse of infants as their organs are so small, so you
will find it difficult to check the pulse than when compared to children and
adults. It is the brachial artery located at the insides of the upper arm of
How do you perform CPR on a child?
During an emergency situation, when something happens to the infant, keep
your presence of mind and act quickly. You can provide CPR to infants under a
year old. You should do it continuously until the breathing is restored or as
long as it takes.
You should try to wake the infant by gently tapping or rubbing the soles of the
feet as babies respond well to this touch. For infants above 2 months, you
should tap their chest or shoulders. You can call out the babies name loudly.
Be gentle and do not be aggressive.
If the infant does not wake up, call for medical help and if you are alone and
the baby is not breathing, begin chest compressions for about 2 minutes before
you call for medical help under the new guidelines.
Put your two fingers on the breastbone directly between the nipples on
the chest. Push deeply straight down the chest for about 1 � inches deep
compression and let the chest rise all the way up. Continue doing this at a
rapid rate of 30 compressions twice per second.
If you know rescue breathing then give rescue breaths after 30
compressions to the chest and if you are not trained or sure then keep pressing
After pushing the chest 30 times, pinch the nose and cover the mouth with your
mouth and blow gently until you see the chest rise. Then let the air pass and
you can see the chest going down, give mouth to mouth breathing. If the air is
not passing through then position the infant’s head a little tilted, and chin
up, and try again.
If you find that the rescue breathing does not work, go back to giving chest
compressions at a faster rate for 30 compressions in about 18 seconds and then
again try rescue breaths.
Do not stop the chest compressions until medical help arrives or till the
baby wakes up. You should immediately call for emergency medical help even if
the infant wakes up after the CPR.
With a little training, knowledge and practice you can also learn CPR from the
professionals, hospitals and certified authorities and can be confident of
facing any such emergency situation. Above all, it is always better to prevent
accidents than cure them, hence make your home and surroundings infant safe and
keep an eye at all times on your precious little ones.
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